After the many attributes of McIntosh were discovered, plant breeders began crossing it with other varieties to enhance its traits. One of the earliest was the Cortland apple. Its flavor is sweet compared to McIntosh, and it has a flush of crimson against a pale yellow background sprinkled with short, dark red stripes and gray-green dots. The Cortland apple has very white flesh and is an excellent dessert apple. It was first bred by S.A Beach.
Botanical name: Malus "Cortland"
Zone range: 4 - 6
Size at maturity: 12 - 15' Tall X 12 - 15' Wide
- Harvest: Mid-September
- Sun level: Full sun
- Soil composition: Loamy
Soil moisture: Well-drained
Optimal soil pH: 6.0 - 7.0
Years to bear: 2 - 5
Best pollinators: Akane, Pink Lady, Fuji, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Jonathan, McIntosh, Red Delicious, Spartan, Gala, Golden Delicious, Cox Orange Pippin
The Cortland apple was raised at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, USA in 1898. The apple was named after nearby Cortland County, New York. It is among the fifteen most popular in the United States.